Stifle effusion (SEF)

Screenshot 2023-01-24 at 14.41.24

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  • Defining characteristics:
    Increased soft tissue opacity in the stifle joint, displacement of infrapatellar fat pad

  • Common differential diagnoses:
    Cranial cruciate ligament rupture, ligamentous instability, artifactual due to positioning and radiographic technique

  • Helpful additional data:
    Has the patient been boisterous with play recently? Has been toe touching and limping?

  • Commonly associated diagnostics:
    Manual manipulation of the joint. Consider sedated radiographs. Consider *SignalCare MDB in advance of medical or surgical therapy.

  • Commonly associated treatments:
    Discuss analgesia, discuss cage confinement, discuss surgical options, discuss weight management and lifestyle changes, joint supplements

  • Commonly associated home care:
    Based on treatment, cage rest vs surgery


*SignalCare MDB = CBC/Chemistry/Urinalysis/Thoracic ultrasound/Abdominal ultrasound